Head in the Cloud • Page 2

Questions about how to entice gamers to use cloud gaming remain unanswered.

The widespread adoption of cloud gaming would be the ultimate triumph of this approach to business - finally allowing publishers to bypass those pesky consumers who seem loth to give up the old-fashioned idea of actually owning things.

This ointment, however, is full of flies. Firstly, there are the huge technical challenges which must be tackled before cloud gaming's audience can grow to encompass a large proportion of the audience, let alone a majority. Then there's the even bigger question - how on earth do you persuade consumers to actually use this thing?

Bluntly, game publishers right now find something like OnLive sufficiently attractive that many of them are blinded to just how unattractive it is to consumers. The sole proposition of the service as it stands is that, rather than buying a games console or a new graphics card for your PC, you can pay $15 each month for access to the service.

For that $15, the consumer loses any concept of ownership of the games he buys, including the right to lend them to friends or sell them on to fund further game purchases. He loses the ability to shop around for better game prices, to hunt out a bargain in a sale or on eBay, and is locked into the incredibly optimistically high prices publishers continually lumber digital distribution services with.

Despite paying over the odds for his games, and a subscription fee to add insult to injury, the consumer doesn't get graphical performance or low-latency gameplay on a par with playing on a local system. Within 10 months he'll have pumped $150 into OnLive, plus plenty more dollars thanks to the premium on game prices - easily enough to buy a great graphics card or a new console - but, as a final slap in the face, he will lose access to his library of games if he ever stops paying up.

Needless to say, it's hard to see consumers leaping at this opportunity - and until the world is ready to move en masse to a cloud gaming service, the advantages which publishing executives dream of simply won't materialise. While code is still resident on consumers' machines in any form - be it downloads or discs - there will still be piracy, and while physical products are still available, consumers will still choose them simply in order to be able to exercise their age-old right to lend or sell on the products they buy.

If the industry wants cloud gaming to work, it will need to work exceptionally hard to convince consumers of its advantages - and that will involve opening wallets, not just marketing budgets. Prices must fall - drastically so. The present pricing model may simply not be appropriate, in fact, since a system whereby you buy a game but can be denied access to it when you stop paying a subscription fee at a later date is not only deeply unattractive to consumers, but may also attract regulatory attention, given time.

Despite all of this, there's no question but that the technology being used to provide OnLive is impressive, and will improve over time. However, I suspect that its uses will be rather different from those envisaged by OnLive's executives - and by the publishers who have become enamoured of their vision. Streaming live gameplay over a home network, for example, is an appealing possibility, as is the potential for logging into persistent world games on your home machine remotely while "on the go", or even providing playable demos of retail titles on a publisher's website, a market which the rival Gaikai service has targeted.

These are scenarios in which the technical limitations of cloud gaming will be more acceptable, and which will add value to existing games rather than attempting to move consumers to a radically different business model which costs them more, provides them with a poorer experience and disenfranchises them of their consumer rights. Until the business model can be substantially changed, it's unlikely that cloud gaming will gain much traction as an alternative to PCs and consoles - but the impact of the technology itself could still be impressive.

If you work in the games industry and want more views, and up-to-date news relevant to your business, read our sister website GamesIndustry.biz, where you can find this weekly editorial column as soon as it is posted.

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About the author

Rob Fahey

Rob Fahey

Contributing Editor

Rob Fahey is a former editor of GamesIndustry.biz who spent several years living in Japan and probably still has a mint condition Dreamcast Samba de Amigo set.

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