Replacing your graphics card is the number one upgrade you can make for your PC and the most profound in terms of improving gaming performance, so it makes sense to spend a little time researching your options. We've streamlined that process for you right here, with strong graphics card recommendations for budget boxes all the way up to high-end battlestations, including AMD's new Radeon 7 and Nvidia's latest GTX 1660 Ti GPU.

One advantage of a gaming desktop PC, in comparison to a console or gaming laptop, is that it can last a long time. If you've chosen a strong motherboard and processor, you can expect to keep them for five years or more. For example, Intel's classic Core i5 2500K still takes centre stage in many systems and is largely capable of handling modern games. However, to run the latest games with console-beating features and performance, a modern GPU is essential.

If you just want our direct, no-nonsense GPU upgrade recommendations, that's not a problem. Right now, the Nvidia RTX 2080 Ti is our top pick for the best graphics card, thanks to its performance advantage over the GTX 1080 Ti and support for exciting new tech too. If you're looking for the best value offering, recent price drops mean that the AMD RX 580 beats out our old selection, the GTX 1060, to become the new best value graphics card. In terms of our lower tier picks, we've targeted a degree of longevity and better-than-console throughput for our best budget graphics card - in this case, the recently released GTX 1050 3GB.

Choosing the right graphics card is important because this is the component that does most of the heavy lifting that brings your games to life. Graphics hardware capable of easily running triple-A titles starts at around the £120/$120 mark, with Nvidia's GTX 1050 and AMD's RX 560 offering (on paper at least) significantly more graphics processing horsepower than the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One. That means that every major multi-platform title should run at least with ballpark equivalent performance. From there, it's all about paying more and scaling up, with RX 580 being our choice for the best 1080p GPU and the RTX 2080 Ti standing tall as the best of the best - and the most viable video card for 4K gaming at 60 frames per second without making graphical fidelity sacrifices.

Of course, it's also important to avoid building a bottle-necked system, so you should aim to pair your video card of choice with a suitably powerful CPU, RAM and other components. We generally recommend system builders plump for 8GB of system RAM, with 16GB being a worthwhile upgrade. If you're using an AMD Ryzen or a mainstream Intel CPU, using two RAM modules in dual channel mode gives you better performance. Your choice of processor is also crucial to building a balanced system. AMD's Ryzen 5 and Intel's Core i5 are the price/performance champions for 60fps gaming, but if you're looking to run the latest games at the highest possible frame-rates, particularly on a high refresh rate display, we would recommend the Intel Core i7 8700K or its successors.

Thankfully, we've reached the point where even the cheaper end of the discrete GPU market offers some good results if you're prepared to put just a little effort into tweaking your in-game graphical settings. Beyond that, there's seemingly a graphics card for every kind of use-case - and that's where this guide comes in. Every GPU worth considering is included in this exhaustive guide, and if you're looking for more detailed performance metrics, we can link you through to the some of the most detailed gaming benchmarks around so you can see exactly what kind of performance you should expect.

Best graphics card

Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Ti: 4K gaming at 60fps or more, plus some exciting new tech.

RTX_2080_Ti
GPU Cores: 4352 | Boost Clock: 1545MHz | RTX-OPS: 76T | Memory: 11GB GDDR6 | Memory Clock: 11Gbps | Memory Bandwidth: 616GB/s

The RTX 2080 Ti is the culmination of decades of work from Nvidia, and it shows. The 2080 Ti comes with significant improvements to raw graphical horsepower over the GTX 1080 Ti card it nominally replaces, plus exclusive access to new technologies like real-time ray tracing (RTX) and deep learning super sampling (DLSS) that can improve the looks and performance of supported games. While few games support these features at launch, Nvidia is pushing hard to drive developer adoption and we should see dozens of titles include one or the other in 2019 - see our full RTX 2080 Ti review for more details!

Outside of new technologies, the powerful RTX 2080 Ti can handle resolutions up to 4K with ease, and performs well at high refresh rates too - just remember that high refresh rates also demand a powerful processor, so don't spend all of your cash on a new RTX card without at least a Core i7 7700K or better in your build. The RTX 2080 Ti is also a brilliant choice for VR gaming, especially for new high-res VR headsets such as the HTC Vive Pro.

With the right system to back it up, you can roughly expect your RTX 2080 Ti to deliver at least 144 frames per second at 1080p, 100 frames per second at 1440p and 60 frames per second at 4K. Obviously, more recent and intensive titles may show poorer performance, while older esports-focused games are likely to perform significantly better.

Pros:

  • Fastest consumer graphics card available
  • Excellent performance at 4K and under
  • New tech like real-time ray tracing and DLSS have great potential

Cons:

  • Most expensive consumer graphics card available
  • Widespread RTX and DLSS support remains an unfulfilled promise

Best value graphics card

AMD RX 580 8GB: A good balance of price, performance and memory for 1080p gaming.

rx_580
GPU Cores: 2304 | Boost Clock: 1340MHz | TFLOPS: 6.2 | Memory: 8GB GDDR5 | Memory Clock: 8Gbps | Memory Bandwidth: 256GB/s

The best value graphics card is the RX 580, which boasts better performance than the popular GTX 1060 at a lower cost, albeit with a few small disadvantages - such as a higher CPU overhead in DX11 titles and not-as-robust driver performance. By and large, it's still a great product and you can expect to game at 1080p and 60 frames per second comfortably, rivalling the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One in terms of graphical fidelity at double the frame-rate. The card can even stretch to 1440p gaming, usually hitting at least 40 frames per second in modern games at high or very high settings.

There are two variants available for the 580: a full-fat 8GB card and a cheaper 4GB option; we recommend the better-performing 8GB model. If you're considering a 4GB model, you should also consider a good quality RX 570, as this card overclocks to near 580 performance and usually saves you a decent amount of money.

Pros:

  • Slightly better performance than GTX 1060
  • Good option for 1080p; can sometimes stretch to 1440p
  • Price drops mean it's now less expensive than the GTX 1060

Cons:

  • Just a faster version of the RX 480, no Vega tech

Best budget graphics card

Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050 3GB: compact and capable for 1080p gaming.

GTX_1050_3GB
GPU Cores: 768 | Boost Clock: 1518MHz | TFLOPS: 2.3 | Memory: 3GB GDDR5 | Memory Clock: 7Gbps | Memory Bandwidth: 84GB/s

If you're looking for the best budget card, our pick is the Nvidia GTX 1050 3GB. It offers around 90 per cent of the performance of our previous pick, the GTX 1050 Ti, at 80 per cent of the price. Just remember that the GTX 1050 3GB should cost about the same as the 2GB card, but thus far only a few models (such as the Gigabyte Low Profile offering we tested) are available at reasonable prices - around $120 / £120.

Compared to last-gen cards, the GTX 1050 3GB offers similar raw performance to the GTX 960. It also sports extra VRAM, with 3GB on tap, which should prevent it from tanking heavily in VRAM-intensive titles - something its 2GB 1050 stablemate couldn't avoid. The 1050 3GB is also power-efficient and is available in compact designs, making it a sensible option for media PCs or pre-built systems that can't accommodate larger and more powerful graphics cards.

In-game, you should expect around 30 frames per second in modern titles on ultra settings. If you're willing to compromise and adjust key settings such as shadow quality and anti-aliasing, then hitting 60 frames per second at 1080p becomes possible. Of course, this can vary massively depending on the game - esports titles like Fortnite, CS:GO or DotA 2 are likely to hit much higher frame-rates.

It's worth keeping in mind that going for a relatively low-end card means your system will need to be upgraded sooner rather than later. However, if you're working to a tight budget or need a card with minimal power requirements, the 1050 3GB is still a sound choice. Our recommendation would be to choose a model without a PCI Express power input, as it overclocks almost as well as more expensive versions and can be integrated into more systems.

Pros:

  • Excellent performance for its price
  • Full HD resolution at 60 frames per second is within reach
  • Consumes little power, available in small form factors and most models don't require PCI Express power input

Cons:

  • Won't hit 1080p and 60 frames per second on highest settings
  • Poor retail availability, with only a few models on sale near RRP

Best value graphics card for 1440p: Nvidia GeForce RTX 2060

rtx_2060_press
GPU Cores: 1920 | Boost Clock: 1680MHz | RTX-OPS: 76T | Memory: 6GB GDDR6 | Memory Clock: 14Gbps | Memory bandwidth: 336GB/s

The RTX 2060 is an excellent card at the price, offering solid mid-range performance plus the RTX and DLSS features that define Nvidia's 20-series cards. It offers a noticeable performance increase over the GTX 1070 and 1070 Ti at a broadly similar price. To give you some perspective on its prowess, the RTX 2060 outperforms 2015's Titan X Maxwell - which was once the very best of the best in terms of graphics hardware.

The performance level on tap allows the 2060 to tackle higher resolutions (1440p versus 1080p) or higher refresh rates (like 144Hz). If you're willing to experiment with lower detail settings or you're playing less demanding esports-focused titles like CSGO or Rocket League, your PC could easily drive a popular 1440p/144Hz monitor combo flat-out. With DLSS in play, you could shoot for even more demanding resolutions and refresh rates. However, remember that high refresh rates and low resolutions shift more of the load to your processor, so ensure you've got a worthy CPU on board; we recommend a Core i7 8700K or better for optimal performance.

Finally, against expectations the RTX 2060 can indeed power ray-traced visuals at 1080p60 in games like Battlefield 5 - even though some graphical tweaks may be required. With DLSS available in some games to offset the extra horsepower requirements, the RTX 2060 should only get better with time. If you're not convinced by these new features though, the new GTX 1660 Ti might be worth checking out - it is only slightly slower than the RTX 2060 but much cheaper, thanks to its omission of newfangled RT and Tensor cores.

Pros:

  • Great 1080p and 1440p performance
  • Can stretch to 4K gaming, particularly with a G-Sync monitor
  • Relatively cool and efficient
  • Inclusion of RTX and DLSS could be big bonuses later

Cons:

  • Significantly more expensive than the last-gen GTX 1060
  • Only 6GB of VRAM compared to 8GB on the GTX 1070
  • Can't deliver 4K at 60 frames per second
  • RTX, DLSS and VRS features only sparsely adopted as of early 2019

Best AMD graphics card: AMD Radeon RX Vega 56

vega_56
GPU cores: 3584 | Boost Clock: 1471MHz | TFLOPS: 10.5 | Memory: 8GB HBM2 | Memory Clock: 1.6Gbps | Memory Bandwidth: 410GB/s

The Vega 56 is a slightly cut-down version of AMD's last-generation Vega 64 GPU, losing eight compute units and some memory bandwidth. The good news is that the HBM2 memory can be overclocked to match Vega 64, helping to close the performance gap, while under-volting can cool the card considerably and open up more overclocking headroom on the core.

The Vega 56 is capable of handling 1080p and 1440p resolutions with ease (though be prepared to hit CPU limits at full HD under DX11). It can even stretch to 4K gaming as well, as long as you're realistic with settings management. In this case, a FreeSync monitor works wonders in providing smoother performance without the significant extra cost inherent to monitors that use Nvidia's adaptive sync solution, G-Sync. After a period of being closer in price to the better-performing GTX 1070 Ti, the Vega 56 has now returned to GTX 1070 prices, making the card once again an excellent choice for 1440p gaming.

Pros:

  • Excellent 1080p and 1440p performance
  • When combined with a FreeSync display, 4K gaming is possible
  • Cooler and more power-efficient than the Vega 64
  • Offers good value for money in a relatively future-proof package

Cons:

  • Can't comfortably run 4K games without compromise
  • Power consumption remains an issue compared to Nvidia cards

Best value Nvidia graphics card: GeForce GTX 1660 Ti

1660Ti
GPU Cores: 1536 | Boost Clock: 1770MHz | TFLOPS: 5.5 | Memory: 6GB GDDR6 | Memory Clock: 12Gbps | Memory Bandwidth: 288GB/s

The new GTX 1660 Ti includes the performance advantages of Nvidia's next-generation Turing cards, without the ray tracing and DLSS features that many users can live without - at least for now. That makes the 1660 Ti the best value Nvidia video card on the market, capable of offering excellent gaming performance at 1080p and acceptable results at 1440p too. You can expect performance close to the GTX 1070 in older games, and even better results in more recent releases - provided your system includes a recent mid-range or high-end processor, whether that's from Intel or AMD.

The GTX 1660 Ti is also an efficient card that produces little heat, thanks to its modest 120W power envelope. By comparison, the similarly performant GTX 1070 and RX 590 have TDPs of 150W and 175W, respectively. That means Nvidia's partners can easily produce compact designs with only one or two fans, which are well-suited for cramped cases or Mini ITX systems.

Pros:

  • Good performance for the price
  • Low temperatures and noise, even in compact one-fan models
  • Retains more of its performance when paired with a lower-end CPU than AMD alternatives

Cons:

  • Can just about stretch to 1440p, but struggles at 4K
  • The lack of RTX and DLSS could limit this card's utility in the future

Fastest AMD graphics card: AMD Radeon 7

Radeon_7
GPU Cores: 3840 | Boost Clock: 1800MHz | TFLOPS: 14.2 | Memory: 16GB HBM2 | Memory Clock: 4Gbps | Memory Bandwidth: 1024GB/s

The new Radeon 7 is the most powerful graphics card produced by Team Red, capable of matching the RTX 2080 in most games and benchmarks. It also has an outstanding amount of VRAM for a consumer card, with 16GB of HBM2 memory, making it a good choice for some productivity workloads like 4K video editing.

You can expect good performance at 1440p and 4K from the Radeon 7, with the AMD card showing its strongest results games using the DX12 or Vulkan APIs. However, the Radeon 7 still falls some way short of our top pick, the RTX 2080 Ti, when it comes to overall gaming performance. The Radeon 7 also lacks the ray tracing and DLSS features introduced on Nvidia's latest Turing series cards. Finally, the Radeon 7 can produce a lot of noise and draws more power than even the RTX 2080 Ti.

While Nvidia's RTX cards seem set to become the more popular choice, there are still good reasons to choose the Radeon 7 - and if you're building the ultimate AMD rig, complete with a fast Ryzen or Threadripper CPU, the Radeon 7 should take the place of honour in your PCI Express slot. If you're buying now you'll only have the option for reference designs, but custom Radeon 7 cards may appear later this year.

Pros:

  • Strong 4K and 1440p gaming performance, particularly in DX12 and Vulkan titles
  • Quick and capacious memory setup is useful for content creators

Cons:

  • The RTX 2080 is faster in most games and easier to find at a lower price
  • Performance in DX11 games, especially at 1080p and 1440p, leaves a lot to be desired

Best value graphics card for 4K or high refresh rates: Nvidia GeForce RTX 2070

RTX_2070
GPU Cores: 2304 | Boost Clock: 1620MHz | RTX-OPS: 42T | Memory: 8GB GDDR6 | Memory Clock: 14Gbps | Memory Bandwidth: 448GB/s

Nvidia's new mid-range card offers 1440p performance in spades, while also packing in the new features that define the Turing generation: real-time ray tracing (RT) and deep learning super sampling (DLSS). The significant frame-rate boosts provided by the latter could transform this card from a close GTX 1080 competitor to an absolute beast that outperforms the GTX 1080 Ti, but we've yet to see DLSS outside of a few tech demos.

The RTX 2070 doesn't handle 4K resolutions at high settings anywhere near as comfortably as the RTX 2080 or 2080 Ti, but you can get close to 60fps with careful settings tweakery - and that's without factoring in DLSS. Similarly, the high-resolution, high refresh rate combo of 1440p/144Hz monitors can also be tamed by the 2070. Finally, the 2070 also works well for new monitors capable of hitting 240Hz, although you're not likely to see these frame-rates outside of esports-focused titles even at 1080p. It's important to remember that running many games at high refresh rates but low resolutions requires a strong processor, so a seventh, eighth or ninth generation Core i7 is just as important to high performance as the choice of video card.

Pros:

  • Strong 1080p and 1440p performance, especially in the latest games
  • DLSS and real-time ray tracing could be game-changing inclusions
  • 4K gaming is viable on most titles, but careful settings management is required

Cons:

  • Expensive for a GeForce xx70 card; more costly than the GTX 1080
  • The eventual value of DLSS and ray tracing remains largely unknown

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About the author

Will Judd

Will Judd

Senior Staff Writer, Digital Foundry

A bizarre British-American hybrid, Will turns caffeine into technology articles through a little-known process called 'writing'. His favourite games are Counter-Strike, StarCraft and Fallout 2.

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