I haven't read too much into it but I think it even extends to multiplayer. There's one called Commando, which is to get a primary, secondary and explosive kill in one life. I met those requirements like 4 times yesterday and nothing happened. Though I got the Specialist achievement (stealth kill, melee weapon kill and air stomp kill) no problem.
Some really poor glitched achievmente/trophies on this.
Had the 'Post Human Warrior (10 kills from one supercharge)' and more significantly 'Professional Superhero (complete the game on Supersoldier difficulty)' achievements fail to unlock despite me doing what is needed. There's another common glitch for the Suited Up (max all suit upgrade modules) one too, but I didn't go for that.